Nearly a million companies were created in France in 2021, an increase of 17.4% compared to the previous year, a new historic record, announced INSEE on Friday.
In total, 995,868 companies were created in France last year, compared to 848,164 in 2020, which had already been a record year.
Housekeeping services at the top of the podium
The strong increase in business creations last year is explained by “the particularly low level of creations during the first confinement in 2020”, according to the INSEE press release. As in previous years, the dynamic of entrepreneurship was driven in 2021 by new registrations of autoentrepreneurs, which exceeded 640,000, up 17%, but also by those of new companies, up 24.3 % to over 270,000.
Conversely, the status of traditional sole proprietorship is less attractive, registrations only increasing by 1.7% over the year, and even falling by 12.3% in the fourth quarter. In 2021, business start-ups that increased the most were in household services, up 30%, financial and insurance activities (+ 30.6%), information and communication (+ 25.4% ) and transport and storage (+ 24.9%). This last category includes in particular home deliveries, which have exploded with the health crisis.
Decrease at the end of the year
But all business start-ups fell by 1.4% in the fourth quarter compared to the last quarter of 2020, in particular due to a downturn in the “other post and courier activities” sub-category – which includes deliveries – and which recorded 9,300 fewer creations over one year, a sign that the boom in new registrations of delivery people has come to an end.
Company creations continued to grow, by 7.7%, over this period. Finally, after a 3.6% drop in November, business creations rebounded 0.8% over one month in December, in particular thanks to the business support (+ 5.3%) and construction sectors. (+ 5.6%). Last month, registrations of microentrepreneurs, which account for 64.4% of the total, increased by 2.7%, while those of traditional sole proprietorships fell by 2.4%.