The rise of electric cars is the main focus of the government’s eco-mobility strategy. But it is still necessary to be able to refuel easily. However, for the moment, the charging points open to the public are not legion …
If the Elysée intends to install 100,000 terminals in cities by the end of 2021, the home solution therefore remains essential. We tell you how to proceed.
Individual house options
If you own your home, the thorniest question is going to be choosing a charging system. The cables supplied by the automobile manufacturers allow you first of all to connect your car directly to a conventional socket. Except that they are not always enough to protect it from overheating. And be careful not to add a standard extension cord, otherwise you could cause an electric shock. To reduce the risk of overvoltage, manufacturers however limit the intensity of the current, with a very long recharging time (up to 11 hours to refuel).
More secure, the “reinforced” socket, which goes together with a differential circuit breaker, is designed specifically for recharging cars, thus preventing overheating. Count here between 100 and 200 euros of material, plus the cost of installation by a licensed electrician, for a recharge time of 8 to 10 hours.
But for a full tank in less than 7 hours, or even less than 4 hours, the charging station, also called “wallbox”, is the only solution. In addition to a maximum level of protection, some models allow savings to be made by programming recharging during off-peak hours or by modulating power. The terminal costs between 500 and 1,500 euros depending on its performance, to which must be added between 300 and 600 euros for installation.
Play it collectively in co-ownership
Since 2014, the “right to plug” allows co-owners of a building to have an electric charging station installed, at their expense, in their parking space. The car park must therefore be closed and covered, the terminal must not exceed 3 kVA and the location must allow an individual metering system for consumption and billing. You must send your project to the trustee with a precise description of the work and, ideally, an already established estimate. You then have three months to request that this question be placed on the agenda of the next general assembly. But it will only be presented for informational purposes and will therefore not be subject to a vote. Under the 2019 Mobility Orientation Law (LOM), only the property manager can refuse your request, if he can justify a real and serious reason, in particular if collective terminals are already installed or planned.
However, it is not uncommon for this installation to involve work in the common areas and, in this case, a vote in GA will be essential. If several owners want to switch to electric, then it is better to play together by having an electric reinforcement vote for all the garages. The LOM law also requires condominiums to put on the agenda the realization of a technical study on this point before 2023.
Note that some operators offer to install, at their expense, an electric power supply dedicated to recharging vehicles in the parking lot of the residence in order to facilitate the agreement in AG. Each owner then pays for their charging station, as well as a subscription for the energy consumed.
- A tax credit: if the tax credit for the energy transition (CITE) has disappeared, the finance law has retained the measure for the installation of an electric terminal. Expenses incurred between 2021 and until December 31, 2023 give the right to a credit of 75% of the price of the equipment, up to a limit of 300 euros (installation costs included). Single-family house, collective housing, main and now secondary residence are concerned.
- Advenir program: in co-ownership, this reduction can be combined with the Advenir program of the Association for the development of electric mobility (Avere). A charging point is covered at 50% within the limit of 960 euros for an individual installation and 1,660 euros for a shared terminal equipped with an energy management system. The “Advenir 3,000 condominiums” system also allows 50% of a collective infrastructure to be financed (excluding the installation of a terminal) up to a limit of 4,000 euros up to 50 parking spaces and up to 15,000 euros beyond this threshold. More info on Advenir. mobi.
- Additional local aid also exists in Paris and in the Grand Est.