In a society increasingly governed by digital technology, cybersecurity is a key issue in the economy. A global study carried out in 2017 by the PwC firm estimated the financial losses suffered by French companies due to IT security breaches at 2.25 million euros. A figure up 50% compared to the previous year.
While the sector is growing by around 10% each year, the massive development of teleworking in 2020 has more than ever highlighted the need to train qualified personnel to secure the data exchanged. Enough to spark a lot of new vocations.
About twenty promising professions
The first characteristic of the sector is its constant evolution. Therefore, it is very difficult to determine a precise nomenclature of cybersecurity professions, especially as their names vary from one structure to another. In order to guide potential players and candidates in this booming market, the National Information Systems Security Agency (Anssi) has drawn up a panorama which listed around fifteen “job profiles” in 2015 and more than one. twenty when it was updated in 2019.
From the information systems security manager to the security developer, including the cyber crisis manager, the operator analyst, the researcher, the solution integrator or even the cryptologist, there is a choice. The main thing is to know which area of intervention you want to focus on. The professions in the sector are in fact split between security management and the management of crisis projects, the design and maintenance of a secure site, incident and crisis management, and, finally, advice, services. and research.
While certain professions, such as that of integrator or security administrator, are accessible with a bac +3, cybersecurity remains a cutting-edge sector which most often involves a high level of studies and above all a great specialization. A simple computer science course is not enough. At a minimum, you have to go through a BTS, a DUT (replaced by the BUT at the start of the 2021 school year) or a professional license dedicated to the administration and security of systems.
To climb the ladder and open up more horizons, it is better to continue up to a bac + 5 or + 6 level through a master’s degree, a school specializing in computer science or an engineering school. Beyond the essential technical prerequisites in programming, cryptography and network management, these different training courses will allow you to develop other skills not to be overlooked, such as the essential practice of English and mastery of the issues. legal, without forgetting the soft skills.
The example of the pcarrot
The preparatory class has its place as part of a cybersecurity course. If it is in any case an essential prerequisite for entering certain engineering schools, it can also be a very good springboard for pursuing university studies.
According to the Talents du numérique association, which brings together 70 specialized training establishments, two preparatory courses are particularly suited to a course geared towards digital professions: MPSI (mathematics, physics and engineering sciences) and MP2I (mathematics, physics-chemistry, computer science and engineering). After a technological baccalaureate (STI2D), it is also possible to integrate the TSI preparations (technology and industrial sciences). To put all your chances on your side, first check with the engineering school in question to find out which preparation is recommended.