According to INSEE data, 2.8 million people of working age are recognized as disabled in France, or around 7% of 15-64 year olds. Unfortunately, this audience is struggling to find work. Still according to estimates from the National Institute of Statistics, the unemployment rate reached 18% for this specific public in 2018, against 9% for the entire population.
In the absence of natural professional integration, the State has therefore introduced various incentives to motivate businesses.
A legal employment obligation
Since the law of July 10, 1987, all companies with at least 20 employees are required to hire a minimum of 6% of disabled people. Three decades later and after various reforms on the calculation methods, the last of which dating from 2018 entered into force on January 1, 2020, this key rule is still the basis of the legislation on disability and employment.
The employees concerned must be in one of the seven situations provided for by law to enter this quota. We can cite the recognition of disabled worker (RQTH), the benefit of an invalidity pension accompanied by a certain percentage of incapacity, unless you are a former soldier or a voluntary firefighter, the possession of ” an inclusion mobility card with mention of invalidity or the receipt of the allowance for disabled adults (AAH).
If the law created a recruitment quota, it nevertheless leaves companies free to comply with this constraint. Indeed, any type of contract, from the CDI to the interim or the internship, can be signed, knowing that the count is assessed in full-time equivalent on average over the year. Similarly, subcontracting contracts are also taken into account and allow companies to reduce the contribution that they must otherwise pay to Agefiph (the Association for the management of the fund for the integration of disabled people) when they do not reach the 6% proportion of disabled employees.
Help from Agefiph
It happens that the recruitment of a person with a disability requires certain specific adjustments, and therefore additional costs compared to a traditional hiring. Agefiph is responsible for allocating a series of financial aids aimed at welcoming and integrating the employee, adapting his job, but also keeping him in employment and training. Systems are also dedicated to help with hiring under professionalization or apprenticeship contracts. To each situation correspond particular conditions to be respected, in order to obtain an envelope whose amount usually oscillates between 2,000 and 3,000 euros.
In the context of the health crisis linked to the coronavirus, the joint body has adapted and strengthened these subsidies, in order to encourage and secure the resumption of activity. Support for additional costs related to specific Covid-19 prevention equipment, simplification of procedures related to job retention assistance or support for the implementation of teleworking are among the exceptional measures planned, for the time being, until ” until February 28, 2021.
An additional bonus for the crisis
Faced with the economic crisis, the government has launched a vast recovery plan which also includes measures in favor of people with disabilities. In addition to the aid paid by Agefiph, the State grants hiring aid of 4,000 euros for employment contracts concluded between a company and a person with a disability between September 1, 2020 and February 28, 2021.
This additional boost is reserved for permanent and fixed-term contracts of at least 3 months, whose salary is less than 3,080 euros gross per month (twice the minimum wage). On the terms and conditions, the envelope will be paid in quarterly installments, in proportion to the working time and the duration of the contract. The request will be made on the teleservice platform of the Service and Payment Agency (ASP) from January 4, 2021. More information on aid related to employment and disability on: www.agefiph.fr .