According to projections, there will be 10 billion human beings on Earth in 2050, compared to 7.9 billion today. And the world population is expected to grow by around 1% in 2021. But which countries are driving this demographic growth? According to CIA data, illustrated by this infographic from our partner Statista, Syria has the most dynamic population balance (+ 5.3%). The trend takes into account the birth rate, but also population flows (and therefore here the return of refugees). African states follow, the continent that is growing the most: South Sudan, Burundi and Niger.
Conversely, Europe, particularly in the East, is globally in negative growth: Germany, Portugal, Greece, Russia, Poland, Hungary, Romania or Bulgaria are losing inhabitants. Knowing that the worst in this area at the global level are more geographically isolated: the Cook Islands (- 2.5%), the Samoa Islands (- 2.1%), Puerto Rico (- 1.5%) and Saint-Pierre -and-Miquelon (- 1.2%).