WorldThe outcome of the negotiations on Iran's nuclear file...

The outcome of the negotiations on Iran’s nuclear file seems close

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These negotiations between Iran and the great powers, which began in April 2021 in Vienna, aim to revive a 2015 international agreement, known by its acronym in English JCPOA, which guarantees the civilian nature of Iran’s nuclear program, accused despite its refusal to seek to acquire atomic weapons

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The “final text” proposed by the EU allows the return of the United States to the agreement, from which it unilaterally withdrew in 2018, and the lifting of US sanctions imposed on Iran, provided that this country respects the commitments and stops exceeding the limits enrichment and other sensitive nuclear activities.

“We received the Iranian response yesterday (Monday) night. We are studying it and consulting the other participants of the JCPOA and the United States on the way forward,” spokesman Josep Borrell, head of European diplomacy, told AFP. facilitator of indirect negotiations. in Vienna between Iran and the United States.

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Before him, Iran announced that it had transmitted its latest statements to the EU. “Iran has submitted its response in writing” and considers an agreement possible “if the United States reacts with realism and flexibility,” the official IRNA agency said.

“no schedule”

According to the Iranian agency Isna, Tehran “expects to receive the response from the other party in the next two days.”

But in Brussels, when asked about how long it will take to review the Iranian “response,” Borrell’s spokeswoman, Nabila Massrali, told a news conference: “At this stage, everyone reviews the (Iranian) response and now we don’t It’s the time to speculate on a timeline.”

Mr Borrell “is in regular contact with all the participants (in the negotiations), including the United States”, he added, stressing that the EU did not intend to “share the details of the ongoing process or about the positions of the participants”. . “.

Concluded between Iran on one side and the United States, Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia on the other, the JCPOA was torpedoed in 2018 by the withdrawal of the United States under Donald Trump and the reinstatement of US sanctions. that are suffocating the Iranian economy.

In response, Iran gradually freed itself from its obligations.

After chaotic negotiations, suspended twice, the EU announced on August 8 a non-negotiable “final text”. During the talks in Vienna, the EU acted as an intermediary between Washington and Tehran, which have not maintained diplomatic relations since 1980.

According to Irna, “the differences refer to three points. The United States has verbally expressed its flexibility on two (unspecified, editor’s note) but this should be included in the text. The third refers to the guarantee of a lasting agreement” required for Iran. to ensure that the United States does not withdraw from the JCPOA again.

“Close”

If the Iranian demand for removal from the American blacklist of the Revolutionary Guards, Iran’s ideological army, is no longer on the agenda according to a European official, on the other hand, the lasting guarantees of the agreement demanded by Tehran and the Iranian army request that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) close the issue of undeclared sites in Iran, where traces of enriched uranium have been found.

For Mohammad Marandi, adviser to the Iranian negotiating team, “the pending issues are not difficult to resolve. They are linked to Iran’s fears over past violations by the United States and the EU.”

“I can’t say we will reach an agreement, but we are closer than before,” he added on Twitter.

On Monday, the State Department declined to say whether the United States was ready to approve the EU plan, refraining from commenting on the possibility of a lifting of US sanctions in the event of an Iranian green light for European commitment.

He passed the ball back to Iran. “The only way to achieve a mutual return to the JCPOA…is for Iran to drop its unacceptable demands that go far beyond the deal.”

Author: AFP

Source: Nice Matin

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Janice
Janice Thomas is a content editor at 24 News Recorder. She has 5 years of journalism experience and she he is a graduate of Wittenberg University and holds a master’s degree in journalism from the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University.

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