To prevent Russia invade Ukraine, U.S has announced a battery of sanctions against the country led by Vladimir Putin.
According to Joe Biden government officials, these will mean “severe and overwhelming costs to the economy”Russian.
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This threat comes as the Russians gather troops, since mid-December last year, near the border with Ukraine, KIev denounced that there are 94 thousand soldiers in the border regions.
CNN notes that these sanctions respond to a change in strategy: so far, none of the ones applied by the US has made the Russian president change his intentions.
In this note we recall the punishments that both nations have imposed on each other, to make clear how most of them seem to have fallen on deaf ears.
March of 2018
Washington He said it was about the “harder action” against Russia.
What did it consist of?
19 Russians accused of “interfere in presidential elections”From the USA of the 2016, and of “having carried out alleged cyberattacks”.
“Those affected include 13 individuals indicted last month, the special prosecutor for the Russian investigation, Robert Mueller, and five groups, including the Moscow intelligence services.”, Notes the BBC.
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Steven Mnuchin, who held the position of Secretary of the Treasury, said that there would be more sanctions for “holding Russian officials and oligarchs accountable for their destabilizing activities”.
The sanctions came amid controversy over the poisoning of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal in London.
Valentina Matviyenko, President of the Russian Senate, announced that the government was preparing sanctions “painful”, Especially for the United States.
The announcement came after Russian MPs raised a bill to restrict, for example, certain agricultural products, raw materials or food from the United States.
“I do not want anyone to have any illusions: Russia’s response to the sanctions, the so-called counter-sanctions, will be necessarily specific, painful and sensitive for those countries that adopted sanctions against Russia”Matviyenko concluded.
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U.S announces that it will impose new economic sanctions on Russia, this time for participating in the attack “in the UK with Novichok to former agent Sergei Skripal”.
With this, it is “restrict the export of certain technology products, such as electronic devices”.
State Department Spokesperson Heather Nauert He said:
“United States verified […] that the Government of the Russian Federation used chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law, or used lethal chemical or biological weapons against its own citizens”
That citizen was Sergei Skripal, ex-spy who resided in the United Kingdom, and who, in March of that year, was poisoned with his daughter. Both, after being hospitalized, survived.
France 24 recalls that, in March 2018, “Washington expelled 60 accused Russian diplomatsOf spies.
Russia responded that the measures were unacceptable and “illegal”.
Several Russian citizens and some entities linked to the Kremlin were sanctioned for “having tried to influence the 2018 legislative elections in the United States”.
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In a statement, the US government explained:
“The actions taken today increase pressure on an already sanctioned person, Evgeny Prigojine, targeting his physical assets, and include three planes and a yacht, as well as employees of the Internet Research Agency, which is funded by Evgeny Prigojine.”.
It is worth remembering that Internet Research Agency it was “recognized as one of the main entities that has helped manipulate social networks in the United States”.
March of 2021
One of the first actions Joe Biden took upon coming to power was to punish Russia for imprisoning and poisoning opposition leader Alexei Navalny.
Then, as Deutsche Welle recalls, seven Russian officials were sanctioned, “including the head of the Federal Security Service (FSB, former KGB), Alexandr Bórtnikov.”
Later, U.S expanded the list of people linked to the Russian government sanctioned.
The El Mundo portal notes that “two deputy defense ministers, Alexey Krivoruchko and Pavel Popov“, As well as the”Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration Sergei Kirienko and the Head of the Department of Internal Policy of the Presidential Administration Andrei Yarin”.
What’s more, EE.UU. also punished “entities involved in the production of biological and chemical agents“, As the Scientific Center 27 and the Central Research Institute 33 and to Organic Chemistry and Technology Research Institute.
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“These unilateral restrictions have produced almost no results, without taking into account the response measures that Russia has taken on previous occasions and that, as I can assure, are going to take place now as well.“Replied a member of the Russian government.
The US Department of State. added other punishments:
“Denial to Russia of any credit, credit guarantees, or other financial assistance by any department, agency, or body of the United States Government, including the Export-Import Bank”.
April 15, 2021
The United States government announced that it would expel 10 Russian diplomats and said there would be more sanctions for the “alleged interference in the presidential elections“Of 2020, as well as the”hacking federal agencies”Through the company SolarWinds.
Harassment of Ukraine was also one of the reasons.
France 24 recalls: “The sanctions also target Moscow’s ability to obtain loans, prohibiting US financial institutions from buying bonds directly from Russian institutions.”.
In response, the Kremlin denied the accusations and denounced that the United States maintained a “aggressive behavior”And that, as a result, relations between the two nations would be affected. In addition, he summoned the US ambassador to dialogue.
“The responsibility for what happened falls entirely on the United States. We warned Washington on more than one occasion of the consequences of its hostile steps, which dangerously increase the level of confrontation between our countries.“Said the Russian government.
April 16, 2021
Russia announced that it will ban several top US government officials from entering its country.
They are: “The director of the Federal Investigative Agency (FBI) […] Christopher Wray, Homeland Security Advisor Susan Rice, Intelligence Director Avril Haines”.
“The Secretary of Homeland Security […] Alejandro Mayorkas, the attorney general, Merrick Garland, and the head of the federal prison agency, Michael Carvajal”.
The reason: they participated in “the implementation of the anti-Russian policy” in United States.
Poisoning the opponent Alexei Navalny made several nations decide to punish Russia, the main accused of orchestrating the attack. The United States, for its part, prepared a package of sanctions, which could have been worse if Navalny died.
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