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Ephemeris of November 23: This happened in the world on a day like today

On November 23, 2006, Alexander Litvinenko, a former agent of the Russian KGB, known for his criticism of Vladimir Putin, died of polonium-210 poisoning in London.


1816.- The Colombian Patriot Francisco Morales is shot for his revolutionary actions against the established authorities.

1851.- The Venezuelan writer and polygraph Andrés Bello, named honorary member of the Royal Spanish Academy for his “Grammar of the Castilian language”.

LOOK: The brutality of Russian torture in occupied Ukraine: beatings, electric shocks and staged murders

– The bullring called Paseo Nuevo is inaugurated in the capital of Mexico.

1889.- The first jukebox comes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.

1891.- The dictator of Brazil Deodoro de Fonseca resigns and he is succeeded by the Vice President, Marshal Floriano Peixoto.

1914.- The last US troops are withdrawn from Veracruz, Mexico Of occupation.

1916.- Alexander Trepov replaces Rasputin’s protege, Boris Sturmer, as Chairman of the Russian Council of Ministers.

1924.- Edwin Hubble publishes the discovery of the Andromeda galaxy, proving that the Milky Way is not the only one in the universe.

1936.- Goes on sale in the United States the first issue of the emblematic magazine “Life”.

1963.- BBC Television premieres the first episode of Doctor Whothe longest running science fiction television series in history.

1975.- The Spanish dictator Francisco Franco is buried in the Valley of the Fallen.

1981.- the mexican writer Octavio Paz, Cervantes Prize for Literature.

1987.- The President of El Salvador, Napoleón Duarte, publishes the testimony implicating Roberto D’Aubuisson, leader of the extreme right, in the assassination of Archbishop Romero in March 1980.

1991.- The soloist of the influential British rock band Queen, Freddie Mercury, confesses that he suffers from AIDS. He passes away the next day in his house in London’s luxurious Knightsbridge street, far from the flashes and media attention that followed him at the massive concerts he gave in life. Born in Tanzania and raised in India, he left behind hymns like “I Want To Break Free”, “Don’t Stop Me Now” or “Bohemian Rhapsody”.

– A presidential decree establishes the Day of the Mexican Navyafter his outstanding participation in the defense of national independence.

1993.- American hard rock band Guns N’ Roses publishes The Spaghetti Incident, their last album from the group’s first stage.

nineteen ninety six.- The Russian President, Boris Yeltsin orders the withdrawal of troops from Chechnyaafter the first war in this republic, which caused about 100,000 deaths.

– Three Ethiopians hijack a Boeing 727 that covered the route between Addis Ababa and Abidjan and demand to fly to Australia. They ignore the lack of fuel and the plane plunges into the Indian Ocean. 123 people died and 52 survived.

2003.- The president of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, resigns cornered by a peaceful popular revolt.

2005.- Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, president of Liberia, the first female head of state in Africa who is elected at the polls.

2005.- Augusto Pinochet is prosecuted for fraud and corruption and is under house arrest.

2009.- The first particle collisions are recorded at the CERN accelerator.

– The President of Iran Mahmud Ahmadinejad begins a tour of Brazil, Bolivia and Venezuela.

2011.- In Yemen, after ten months of protests, President Ali Abdullah Saleh agrees to transfer power to Vice President, Who would call an election?

– The rains in Central America leave 120 dead, 650,000 affected and 90,000 evacuated since October.

2017.- The Venezuelan exiled politician Antonio Ledezma is no longer the metropolitan mayor of Caracas.


1221.- Alfonso X “The Wise”King of Castilla y León.

1608.- Francisco Manuel de MeloSpanish-Portuguese writer.

1760.- François Noël BabeufFrench politician.

1876.- Manuel de FallaSpanish composer.

1883.- José Clemente OrozcoMexican painter and muralist.

1887.- Boris KarloffBritish actor.

1888.- Harpo MarxAmerican actor.

1927.- Angelo SodanoItalian religious and former Vatican Secretary of State.

1933.- Krysztof PendereckiPolish conductor and composer.

1941.- Franco NeroItalian actor.

1962.- Nicolás MaduroVenezuelan politician.

-Carlinhos BrownBrazilian singer and songwriter.

1972.- Antonio OrozcoSpanish musician.

1992.- Miley CyrusAmerican actress and singer.


1535.- Beatriz GalindoSpanish writer and humanist.

1890.- William IIKing of Holland.

1973.- José Alfredo Jiménez, Mexican composer and singer.

1976.- André MalrauxFrench writer and politician.

1991.- Klaus KinskiGerman actor.

1995.-Louis MalleFrench filmmaker.

2002.- Roberto MattaChilean painter and sculptor.

2008.- Richard HickoxBritish conductor.

-Gerald LaingEnglish pop artist.

2012.- José Luis Borau, filmmaker, academic of Fine Arts and the Spanish Language. – Larry Hagman, American actor.

2020.- David N. DinkinsNew York’s first African-American mayor.

Source: Elcomercio

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