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The Big Immigration Changes Biden and Congress Are Preparing to Unlock Aid to Ukraine

U.S has entered a key week to decide whether or not to approve the urgent help he needs Ukraine, a country that has been at war with Russia since 2022. The big obstacle to this effect is in the Senate, where the Republican Party refuses to give the green light to the new package for Kiev and Israel if President Joe Biden’s government does not toughens immigration policy. The president has already announced that he may give in.

On Wednesday last week, Senate once again blocked a 106 billion dollar package for Ukraine It is Israeleven if hours before Biden I had said that it is willing to make “significant concessions on the border” to release aid to their allies in the war.

LOOK: How the political struggle in the United States would give Putin victory over Ukraine by the end of the year

For months, Congress has been blocking $61.4 billion in new aid for Ukraine proposed by the White House.

US aid to Ukraine. (AFP).

“It’s time to reach an agreement that both parties can accept”White House budget director Shalanda Young said Sunday on CBS’ Face the Nation.

Connecticut Senator Chris Murphythe main negotiator of the Democratic Partyannounced that the White House would take a more active role in the negotiations.

According to a report from the AP agency, the republicans they claim that record number of immigrants crossing the southern border They pose a threat to the country’s security because authorities are unable to adequately vet the backgrounds of all undocumented immigrants. They also claim that those who enter U.S They are depleting the country’s resources. The legislators republicans They add that they cannot justify to their voters sending billions of dollars to other countries, even in times of war, without first addressing the issue of border.

Next to Republican partythe negotiation is headed by senator James Lankfordof Oklahoma, who noted that The increase in people entering the United States from Mexico “is getting out of control.”

“All we’re trying to do is say what tools are needed to regain control so we don’t have chaos on our southern border,” Lankford said on CBS.

CNN highlighted that this week is essential to reaching an agreement because starting next week, lawmakers will take a seven-day vacation break.

This Tuesday, the president Biden will receive his counterpart from Ukraine Volodimir Zelenskywho also hopes to meet with congressional representatives to unlock aid.

US President Joe Biden and his Ukrainian counterpart Volodymyr Zelensky walk towards the Oval Office of the White House on September 21, 2023. (Photo by JIM WATSON/POOL/AFP).

US President Joe Biden and his Ukrainian counterpart Volodymyr Zelensky walk towards the Oval Office of the White House on September 21, 2023. (Photo by JIM WATSON/POOL/AFP). (JIM WATSON/)

But what changes are Republicans demanding? The AP agency indicated that much of the negotiation is done in private, but maintained that the issues under discussion are known: higher standards for asylum seekers, so-called humanitarian parole and facilitation of expedited deportationsbetween others.

For many immigration advocates, including some Democrats, some of the changes proposed by Republicans would eliminate protections for people who desperately need help and would not actually alleviate the chaos at the border, the AP said.

The Democratic Negotiator Chris Murphy criticized Republican political demands and said they were unreasonable.

“We don’t want to close the United States to people who come here to be rescued from dangerous and miserable circumstances where their lives are in danger.. The best thing about America is that you can come here to be rescued from terror and torture,” Murphy said on NBC’s Meet the Press.

Border Patrol agents process migrants who illegally entered the United States through California on December 6, 2023. (Photo by VALERIE MACON/AFP).

Border Patrol agents process migrants who illegally entered the United States through California on December 6, 2023. (Photo by VALERIE MACON/AFP). (VALÉRIA MACON/)

He humanitarian parole is a temporary immigration status granted by the Government of U.S for people who need to enter the country for urgent humanitarian reasons or for a significant public benefit. It is typically used in cases of emergency with a critical humanitarian purpose, such as medical treatment, family reunification, or the need for essential assistance in disaster relief efforts, among other situations where denial of entry could cause significant hardship to the applicant.

Under this rule, immigrants are generally admitted for a predetermined period and There is no path to American citizenship.

The AP agency detailed how the humanitarian parole It has been used by both Democratic and Republican administrations over the years.

They did this to give entry to people from Hungary in the 1950sin Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos during the second half of the century. 1970salready Kurdish-Iraqi who worked with the United States in the mid-1990saccording to research by the Cato Institute.

The government of Biden used it to bring 80,000 Afghans from Kabul to the United States following the Taliban’s seizure of power in 2021. Tens of thousands of Ukrainians who fled after the Russian invasion also entered.

In January of this year, the administration Biden announced a plan to admit 30,000 people per month Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua and Venezuela through him humanitarian paroleas long as those migrants had a financial sponsor and flew to the United States instead of going to the U.S.-Mexico border to enter, the AP reported.

According to the most recent official figures, Nearly 270,000 people were admitted to the United States through October under this program.

Venezuelan Alejandro Urdaneta, a migrant seeking asylum, crosses the border between the United States and Mexico in Eagle Pass, Texas, on September 23, 2023. (Photo by Paula RAMÓN / AFP).

Venezuelan Alejandro Urdaneta, a migrant seeking asylum, crosses the border between the United States and Mexico in Eagle Pass, Texas, on September 23, 2023. (Photo by Paula RAMÓN / AFP). (PAULA RAMON/)

IN Regarding asylumThis tool allows the migrant remain in the United States and have a path to citizenship as long as you can demonstrate a credible fear of persecution in your country of origin due to race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions.

The AP explained that asylum seekers must be on US soil to qualify for this protection. He added that they typically go through an initial assessment called a credible fear interview. To obtain asylum, They must remain in the United States and win their case in immigration court. This process can take years. Nonetheless, Asylum seekers can start working, get married, have children and live in the countryside.

Asylum critics point out that most applicants lose their cases in asylum courts. immigration. They add that immigrants know that if they apply asylumthey will basically be able to stay in the United States for years.

What is being discussed now in the United States Congress is raise the standards that asylum-seeking migrants must meet during the initial credible fear interview. Those who do not comply will be automatically sent home.

Guatemalan migrants deported from the United States walk on the airport tarmac as they arrive at the Guatemala City Air Base on January 27, 2023. (Photo by Johan ORDÓNEZ/AFP).

Guatemalan migrants deported from the United States walk on the airport tarmac as they arrive at the Guatemala City Air Base on January 27, 2023. (Photo by Johan ORDÓNEZ/AFP). (JOHAN ORDONES/)

About the subject accelerated deportation, this was implemented in 1996 by Congress. It allows low-level immigration officials to quickly deport certain immigrants without the case going before a judge, the AP detailed.

Generally, this tool is used with people detained within about 100 miles (161 kilometers) of the border with Mexico any Canadaand within two weeks of arrival.

Those who advocate expedited deportation say that eases the burden on immigration courts, but its detractors claim that its use is error-prone and does not offer sufficient protection to immigrantssuch as having a lawyer to help them defend their case.

The AP remembers that when the Republican Party donald trump He was president and pushed to expand accelerated deportation to the entire country and for longer periods, but the modification was never approved.

The situation of the war in Ukraine on December 10, 2023. (AFP).

The situation of the war in Ukraine on December 10, 2023. (AFP).

Source: Elcomercio

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