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High temperatures mark the beginning of an unprecedented winter in Europe

Europe It has been less than 15 days of winter, but a good part of the continent has started the year with temperatures more typical of spring, from Bilbaoto the north of Spainwith 25 degrees, up to Moscowwith 5 degrees during the day and 6 at night, which may seem few, but which had not been seen on these dates since there were records, in 1879.

Thermal anomalies that have affected a large part of the continent, with temperatures between 5 and 15 degrees above normal for this time of year.

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Moscow broke its record on January 1, according to the local meteorological office, and the thermometers also shot up in the second Russian city, Saint Petersburg, where on the first day of the year it surprised with 4.5 degrees of heat, something never seen in the former tsarist capital.

Frosty field in San Xoán de Río, Ourense. (Photo by Brais Lorenzo / EFE) (Brais Lorenzo /)

In neighboring Belarus, the mercury made history and reached 16 degrees (registered in Brest, on the border with Poland).

However, this unusual heat will not last long and in the coming days the temperature in the European part of Russia is expected to drop sharply, reaching minus 20 degrees during the day and almost minus 30 at night, according to the forecast of the next weekend in Moscow.

In France, the end of 2022 (a record year in global terms due to temperature) and the beginning of 2023 have been particularly warm, although the situation is moderating as of this Tuesday and the positive thermal anomaly for the rest of the week has already It’s not going to be that exaggerated, but it’s significant.

According to Météo France, the night of December 30 to 31 was the mildest recorded in France in winter since the first records began on a national scale in 1947, with a minimum of 11.2 degrees on average for the country as a whole, compared to to the previous record of 11.1 degrees of January 19, 2007.

And it is that the highest minimums in history were found in about thirty of the 150 meteorological stations, especially in cities in northwestern France, such as Paris, Rennes, Nantes, Rouen or Orléans.

The maximum reached over 24 degrees at the foot of the Pyrenees on the 31st and the average temperature in France was 14.05 degrees, the second highest since there are records in the period from December 15 to January 15. And on January 1, it was in third position, with 13.3 degrees, again with numerous minimum records, particularly in the east.

Germany received the new year with the highest temperatures recorded so far on that special night: 18 degrees marked the thermometers in Berlin, while in Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia (south and west) strangely high maximums of 16 were also reported. and 17 degrees, respectively.

A man feeds common starlings at Alexanderplatz in Berlin, on December 26, 2022. (Photo by Hannibal Hanschke / EFE)

A man feeds common starlings in the Alexanderplatz square in Berlin, on December 26, 2022. (Photo by Hannibal Hanschke / EFE) (HANNIBAL HANSCHKE /)

In the following days the temperatures have dropped somewhat, falling to 7 degrees in the capital, which in any case is not normal in a country where the New Year used to be welcomed in front of frozen lakes or in snowy landscapes.

The record high on a New Year’s Eve night was marked in 2021, with 15.1 degrees in the Brandenburg region, which surrounds Berlin, according to data from the German Weather Service (DWD).

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The temperatures in Denmark were also unusually high, although in the rest of the Nordic world -Sweden, Norway and Finland- the thermometers were below zero.

Poland had its own record, with 18.9 degrees for the first day of the year 2023 in Warsaw, while in the Ukrainian capital, kyiv, a new record was reached on January 2: for the first time in 143 years of observations. an average temperature of 9.4 degrees was recorded, with highs of 13.2 °C and lows that did not drop below 6.9, according to the Borys Sreznevsky Central Geophysical Observatory.

Italy has suffered the same anomalous heat wave as the rest of Europe during New Year’s Eve and the beginning of 2023, with an increase of up to 15 degrees in maximum temperatures caused by an anticyclone coming from North Africa and that will continue in the first days of January, according to the specialized site

With current highs around 20 degrees and lows of 10 degrees -and nocturnal values ​​9 degrees above the average-, the cold in Italy will not arrive until the second week of January, since frosts are not even registered in the areas alpine, where the anticyclone has placed the thermal zero at 3,300-3,500 meters of altitude, practically as it should be between June and July.

These days, in Rome the maximum is around 15 degrees and the minimum 11, while in Milan (north) they are close to 10 and 9 degrees, respectively, and in the south the maximums rise to 16 and 18 in Naples and Palermo, with minimums over 12 degrees in both cities.

Trees without leaves during sunset in the Alto de O Rodicio, in Maceda, Ourense, on January 3, 2023. (Photo by Brais Lorenzo / EFE)

Trees without leaves during sunset in the Alto de O Rodicio, in Maceda, Ourense, on January 3, 2023. (Photo by Brais Lorenzo / EFE)

Belgium experienced the hottest January 1 this year since the country began recording temperatures in 1833, with 15.2 degrees reached in Uccle (Brussels), almost one degree more than the previous record, 14.3 degrees in 2022. , as reported by the Belgian weather service IRM.

Another heat milestone was also marked on December 31, when Brussels reached 16.3 degrees, the highest temperature on New Year’s Eve since records began. The warmest December 31 in Belgium so far was that of a year earlier, when it reached 14 degrees.

Belgian meteorologists explained that the high temperatures in the country are justified by the southern air currents coming from the subtropical part of the Atlantic Ocean.

Switzerland is another country with extremely high winter temperatures, the highest in 170 years, according to the Swiss public radio-television weather bulletin.

The thermometer reached 20.9 degrees in the town of Delémont, 16.7 in Basel and 15.1 in Zurich-Kloten on the last day of 2022. The previous temperature record dated back to 2018, when 18.7 were recorded. degrees for the same day of the year.

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Similarly, Spain began 2023 with high temperature records, especially in the north of the Peninsula, where it reached seven degrees above normal.

This was the case in cities like Bilbao and San Sebastián, where the mercury was around 25 degrees maximum and the minimums were between 14 and 16 degrees, records more typical of July, according to the spokesman for the Spanish State Meteorological Agency, Rubén del Campo. .

In the center of the country, Segovia experienced its warmest night -with 10.3 degrees- for a month of January since 1989, the date since the station is in its current location.

Source: Elcomercio

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