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2% of fashion’s greenhouse gas emissions: H&M and Puma make efforts, Shane lags behind, according to NGO

Students are making progress, but there are still few good elements. The fashion industry “continues to rely on fossil fuels,” but brands such as H&M and Puma are making efforts to reduce it, while others are lagging behind, such as Shein or Uniqlo, according to a Stand Earth report published on Tuesday.

The American-Canadian non-governmental organization carefully studied the supply chains of eleven very large fashion brands, including H&M, Puma, Nike, Levi’s, Adidas, Gap, the Spanish Inditex (Zara), the Japanese Fast Retailing (Uniqlo) or even Shein, based in particular on their publicly available data, as well as Bloomberg terminal data.

In 2019, the fashion industry produced more than a billion tons of CO2 equivalent, or about 2% of global greenhouse gas emissions, Bloomberg recalled in a May 16 article. Brands “continue to massively use fossil fuels to produce clothing and footwear and fail to decarbonize their supply chain,” condemns Stand Earth.

Of these eleven brands, only Levi’s, Puma and H&M are “on track to reduce” these emissions by “at least 55% by 2030 compared to 2018,” notes Stand Earth, which set a score out of 100 (commitment, transparency, progress towards 2030, specific actions, financial investments).

Shein received the lowest score

The NGO describes “limited but encouraging” progress. She highlights the significant share (27.4%) of renewable energy in Puma’s electricity consumption through its two main suppliers, as well as the financial assistance H&M provides to its subcontractors to help them, for example, install solar panels.

In fashion, “13% of emissions come from materials and 50% from manufacturing and production, so decarbonizing the supply chain is important,” Henrik Sundberg, climate chief at H&M, estimated Thursday during a meeting at H&M. Paris, which was attended by AFP.

Chinese brand Shein, based in Singapore, received the lowest score (2.5 points) and “in just one year increased emissions by approximately 50% (between 2021 and 2022), currently emits the same amount of annual emissions as Paraguay,” or 9.17 million tons, according to Stand Earth. In 2023, Shein “began developing a full decarbonization roadmap” with the help of Anthesis and “concrete initiatives were implemented,” such as solar panels for warehouses or partnerships with logistics companies using green vehicles, the brand says.

Next comes Japanese group Fast Retailing (14 points), then sportswear brand Lululemon and Inditex (16 points). “Most brands scored below 25/100,” laments the NGO.

Source: Le Parisien

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